While historian Linda Nicholson sees women’s participation in voluntary associations as activities consistent with the increasing relegation of women’s lives to a separate, “private” sphere in nineteenth-century Europe, historian Katherine Lynch argues that these kinds of activities enabled women to join with one another and to develop a kind of shadow citizenship within civil society, if not the formal state.
请问前半句话中的志愿活动和增加....后面半句怎么理解?还有最后半句if not the formal state是什么作用?

提问者: 熟谷子 2017-09-26 15:18


yume1491 2017-09-30 21:50

后面半句 points out that women's participation in voluntary associations not only signify women's lives in a separate, "private" sphere, but also enabled women to join with one another and form public relations.
if not the formal state --> although not in the form of formal statutory activities (e.g. voting).

回顶部 我要纠错